Region of Central Macedonia Capital town: Kilkis Area: Population:
This frontier Prefecture lies north of Thessaloniki, boasting a rich natural environment and a relaxed pace of life. Its capital, the homonymous city of Kilkis is built around the lush green hill of Agios Georgios, while on its foothill lies the homonymous two-storied cave.
50 kilometers to the west, the picturesque city of Goumenissa lies on the foot of the Paikos Mountain; closeby stands the ancient city of Evropos. In the Archaeological Museum of Kilkis, the significant archaeological finding of the archaic Kouros is exhibited. Furthermore, an impressive Byzantine castle is found in the village of Palio Gynaikokastro.
Lake Doirani, the famous wetland is situated in the north part of the Prefecture. Near the Prefecture of Thessaloniki lies the therapeutic lake of Pikrolimni. Closeby to Doirani is the idyllic location of Hilia Dentra (Thousand Trees). Last but not least at the hamlet of Kolchida stands a paleochristian settlement dating back to the 6th century AD.
The first significant archaeological findings date in the 2nd millenium BC, even though human presence is estimated around the Age of Copper. From the 8th century BC onwards, the area became part of the Kingdom of Macedonia until it was conquered by the Romans in 148 BC
After the 6th century BC, the wider area of Kilkis was rummaged by Goths, Huns, Avars and Slavs. The Turks conquered Kilkis in 1430 AD and ruled the area until the Balkan Wars. During both the Balkan Wars and World War I, great battles took place in the area of Kilkis.