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        21 Sep 2019
      
      Destinations
   municipalities/communit.
   

   important locations
   
 

      Accommodation
 
      
    Top sights
 •  Don’t miss going to the Byzantine Castle City of Mystras where you can visit the palaces of the Despots of Moreas, more than 25 churches, the walls, the castle, the manors, the Metropolitan church of Agios Demetrios; visitors can receive a guided tour at the Museum

 •  Visit Monemvasia, the castle city that has been constructed on top of a 300-meter-high rock and was under Byzantine and Venetian rule. The city, in the duration of a 1000-year period experienced its peak, fame, sieges and occupations

 •  Take a trip to Mani, a land of austerity, and to the many scattered traditional settlements with the high-rise tower houses in a wild and dry landscape. In Mani, one can also visit the Diros Lake Cave, one of the most amazing caves in the world

 •  Visit Gytheion, the charming nautical town with the colourful neoclassical buildings. To the south, visit the Epidavros Limiras Peninsula with the beautiful beaches and the picturesque little villages that are scattered up to the Cape Malea

 •  We recommend a trip to the exotic island of Elafonissos with the golden beaches; the most well known are those of Smos and Sarakiniko

 
      
       Top festivals
           Perfecture of LAKONIA
Greece Region of Peloponnese
Capital town: Sparti
Area:
Population:

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          Presentation
Setting off from Sparta, the capital of the Prefecture, visit the castle city of Mystras whose Byzantine grandeur essence is still intact. In the middle foot of the Peloponnese rise tower-houses in the settlements of Mani; begin your tour at Vatheia.
A few kilometres outside Areopolis, the Diros Cave forms amazing aquatic subterranean routes. In the cove of the gulf lies the town of Gytheion with an insular style and wonderful neoclassical buildings that have preserved their former nobleness.
Right in the middle of the Myrtoon Sea the Rock of Monemvasia rises out –the other Laconian castle city that had been a target of many conquerors due to its strategic location. Nowadays Monemvasia constitutes one of the best travel destinations
          History
The first inhabitants of the area had been the Leleges, which were of Pelasgic descent; later on, they intermingled with other tribes. Laconia was conquered by the Dorians in 1100 BC. In 195 BC, the “Polity of Lacedaemon” was formed excluding however the city of Sparta, and in 146 BC the area was conquered by the Romans.
In 395 AD, Sparta was brutally looted by the Gothic King Alarichos. During the Byzantine Era, Slav tribes were located in Laconia unti 1206 when the area was finally conquered by the Franks. In 1458, Mohammed occupied the area and the Ottoman rule was preserved until 1828.




















      
   Information
 •  Prefecture of Laconia: 2731026243, 2731025898

 •  Police: 2731026229, 2731026252 - Tourist Police: 2731020492

 •  General Hospital of Sparta: 2731028671, 2731029100-9

 •  Museums: Archaeological Museum of Sparta: 2731028575 – Byzantine Museum of Mystras: 2731083377 - Neolithic Museum of Diros: 2733052223 - Museum of the Olive and Greek Olive Oil: 2731089315

 •  Cave of Diros: 2733052222

 •  EOS (Greek Mountaineering Association) of Sparta: 2731022574

 
      
       How to get there
 •  KTEL Long-distance bus station of Laconia: Sparta 2731026441, 2731022857 – Athens 2105124910

 •  Port Authorities: Gytheion: 2733022262 -Neapolis: 2734022228 -Monemvasia: 2732061266

 

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